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TLS/SSL

The Node.js driver supports TLS/SSL connections to MongoDB that support TLS/SSL support.

No Certificate Validation

If the MongoDB instance does not perform any validation of the certificate chain, include the ssl=true in the URI Connection String .

var MongoClient = require('mongodb').MongoClient;

MongoClient.connect("mongodb://localhost:27017/test?ssl=true", function(err, db) {
  db.close();
});

Validate Server Certificate

If the MongoDB instance presents a certificate, to validate the server’s certificate, pass to the MongoClient.connect method:

  • A URI Connection String that includes ssl=true setting,

  • A connections options for the server with the certificate for the Certificate Authority (sslCA) and the sslValidate setting set to true

var MongoClient = require('mongodb').MongoClient,
  f = require('util').format,
  fs = require('fs');

// Read the certificate authority
var ca = [fs.readFileSync(__dirname + "/ssl/ca.pem")];

// Connect validating the returned certificates from the server
MongoClient.connect("mongodb://localhost:27017/test?ssl=true", {
  server: {
      sslValidate:true
    , sslCA:ca
  }
}, function(err, db) {
  db.close();
});

Disable Hostname Verification

By default, the driver ensures that the hostname included in the server’s SSL certificate(s) matches the hostname(s) provided in the URI connection string. If you need to disable the hostname verification, but otherwise validate the server’s certificate, pass to the MongoClient.connect method:

  • A URI Connection String that includes ssl=true setting,

  • A connections options for the server with the certificate for the Certificate Authority (sslCA) and the sslValidate setting set to true but checkServerIdentity set to false.

var MongoClient = require('mongodb').MongoClient,
  f = require('util').format,
  fs = require('fs');

// Read the certificate authority
var ca = [fs.readFileSync(__dirname + "/ssl/ca.pem")];

// Connect validating the returned certificates from the server
MongoClient.connect("mongodb://localhost:27017/test?ssl=true", {
  server: {
      sslValidate:true
    , checkServerIdentity:false
    , sslCA:ca
  }
}, function(err, db) {
  db.close();
});

Validate Server Certificate and Present Valid Certificate

If the MongoDB server performs certificate validation, the client must pass its certificate to the server. To pass the client’s certificate as well as to validate the server’s certificate, pass to the MongoClient.connect method:

  • A URI Connection String that includes ssl=true setting,

  • A connections options for the server with the sslValidate setting set to true, the certificate for the Certificate Authority (sslCA), the client’s certificate (sslCert) and private key file (sslKey). If the client’s key file is encrypted, include the password (sslPass).

var MongoClient = require('mongodb').MongoClient,
  f = require('util').format,
  fs = require('fs');

// Read the certificates
var ca = [fs.readFileSync(__dirname + "/ssl/ca.pem")];
var cert = fs.readFileSync(__dirname + "/ssl/client.pem");
var key = fs.readFileSync(__dirname + "/ssl/client.pem");

// Connect validating the returned certificates from the server
MongoClient.connect("mongodb://localhost:27017/test?ssl=true", {
  server: {
      sslValidate:true
    , sslCA:ca
    , sslKey:key
    , sslCert:cert
    , sslPass:'10gen'
  }
}, function(err, db) {
  db.close();
});

Connect with X.509

X.509 authentication requires the use of TLS/SSL connections with certificate validation. MongoDB uses the X.509 certificate presented during SSL negotiation to authenticate a user whose name is derived from the distinguished name of the X.509 certificate.

To connect using the X.509 authentication mechanism, specify MONGODB-CR as the mechanism in the URI connection string, ssl=true, and the username. Use enodeURIComponent to encode the username string.

In addition to the connection string, pass to the MongoClient.connect method a connections options for the server with the X.509 certificate and other TLS/SSL connections options.

var MongoClient = require('mongodb').MongoClient,
  f = require('util').format,
  fs = require('fs');

// Read the cert and key
var cert = fs.readFileSync(__dirname + "/ssl/x509/client.pem");
var key = fs.readFileSync(__dirname + "/ssl/x509/client.pem");

// User name
var userName = "CN=client,OU=kerneluser,O=10Gen,L=New York City,ST=New York,C=US";

// Connect using the MONGODB-X509 authentication mechanism
MongoClient.connect(f('mongodb://%s@server:27017/test?authMechanism=%s&ssl=true'
    , encodeURIComponent(userName), 'MONGODB-X509'), {
  server: {
      sslKey:key
    , sslCert:cert
  }
}, function(err, db) {
  db.close();
});

TLS/SSL Options

The following TLS/SSL options are available.

Parameter Type Description
ssl {Boolean, default: false} Use ssl connection
sslValidate {Boolean, default: true} Validate server certificate against certificate authority.
sslCA {Buffer[]|string[], default: null} Array of valid certificates for Certificate Authority either as Buffers or Strings.
sslCert {Buffer|string, default: null} String or buffer containing the client certificate.
sslPass {Buffer|string, default: null} String or buffer containing the client certificate password.

To connect to a single MongoDB instance, specify the TLS/SSL connection options for server.


var MongoClient = require('mongodb').MongoClient,
  fs = require('fs');


// Read the certificates

var ca = [fs.readFileSync(__dirname + "/ssl/ca.pem")];
var cert = fs.readFileSync(__dirname + "/ssl/client.pem");
var key = fs.readFileSync(__dirname + "/ssl/client.pem");

MongoClient.connect('mongodb://server:27017/test?ssl=true', {
  server: {
      sslCA:ca
    , sslKey:key
    , sslCert:cert
  }
}, function(err, db) {
  db.close();
});

To connect to a replica set, specify the TLS/SSL connection options for replset .

var MongoClient = require('mongodb').MongoClient,
  fs = require('fs');

// Read the certificates

var ca = [fs.readFileSync(__dirname + "/ssl/ca.pem")];
var cert = fs.readFileSync(__dirname + "/ssl/client.pem");
var key = fs.readFileSync(__dirname + "/ssl/client.pem");


MongoClient.connect('mongodb://server:27017/test?replicaSet=foo&ssl=true', {
  replset: {
      sslCA:ca
    , sslKey:key
    , sslCert:cert
  }
}, function(err, db) {
  db.close();
});

To connect to a replica set, specify the TLS/SSL connection options for mongos.

var MongoClient = require('mongodb').MongoClient,
  fs = require('fs');

// Read the certificates

var ca = [fs.readFileSync(__dirname + "/ssl/ca.pem")];
var cert = fs.readFileSync(__dirname + "/ssl/client.pem");
var key = fs.readFileSync(__dirname + "/ssl/client.pem");

MongoClient.connect('mongodb://server:27017/test?ssl=true', {
  mongos: {
      sslCA:ca
    , sslKey:key
    , sslCert:cert
  }
}, function(err, db) {
  db.close();
});

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