In the legacy-0.9 development cycle, the mechanism by which the driver is configured was refactored. Note that these changes do not apply to releases on the 26compat branch, or releases pre-dating legacy-0.9.0.This page describes the new configuration mechanism and documents the various configuration options that may be used.

Configuring the Driver

The mongo::client::initialize function

The mongo::client::initialize function, found in file src/mongo/client/init.h configures the driver and starts background threads critical to the functioning of the driver. The function has a single parameter receiving a mongo::client::Options object. If no value is provided, a default constructed mongo::client::Options object is used.

To configure the driver to use non-default parameters, construct a new mongo::client::Options object and use its setter methods to configure the parameters of interest, and pass this object to mongo::client::initialize.

This method must be called exactly once by your application. Invoke mongo::client::initialize as early as possible in your application startup phase, before any additional threads have been created. You must examine the return value of mongo::client::initialize and deal with any returned error appropriately.

The mongo::client::terminate function

When it is time to stop using the client driver, you must terminate its background tasks and release resources by invoking the mongo::client::terminate function, found in file src/mongo/client/init.h.

The mongo::client::terminate function honors a grace period, specified in milliseconds, and defaulting to ‘forever’. The shutdown routine will give background tasks the selected grace period to terminate cleanly. If they do not do so, mongo::client::terminate will return an error status. If the returned error status is ExceededTimeLimit it is safe to retry the call to mongo::client::terminate. Otherwise, a non-OK return status from mongo::client::terminate represents a permanent failure to shut down the driver cleanly. Please see the documentation for mongo::client::terminate for additional details. The value of the shutdown grace period may be changed from its default at driver initialization time by using an appropriately configured mongo::client::Options object.

On some platforms, you may be able to arrange for mongo::client::terminate to be called via an atexit handler. To request this behavior, see the setCallShutdownAtExit option, documented below.

Alternatively, you may use the mongo::client::GlobalInstance class, found in src/mongo/client/init.h, to instantiate an RAII type that will automatically initialize and terminate the driver.

The mongo::client::Options class

Where to find it

Configuration of the driver is managed through a new class, added in the legacy-0.9.0 release, called Options. This class is hosted in the mongo::client namespace, and is defined in the header mongo/client/options.h.

Passing options to mongo::client::initialize

By default, calling mongo::client::initialize() with no parameters is equivalent to calling mongo::client::initialize(mongo::client::Options()) passing a default constructed mongo::client::Options object.

Because the mongo::client::Options class has setters returning a mongo::client::Options& you can chain together options to easily configure them at the call site:

using mongo::client::initialize;
using mongo::client::Options;

// Configure the mongo C++ client driver, enabling SSL and setting
// the SSL Certificate Authority file to "mycafile".
Status status = initialize(
    Options().setSSLMode(Options::kSSLRequired).setSSLCAFile("mycafile")
);

if (!status.isOK()) {
    // deal with errors
} else {
    // Driver is up in SSL mode.
}

Available Options

Options::callShutdownAtExit and Options::setCallShutdownAtExit

  • Type: bool
  • Default: false
  • Semantics: If this option is ‘true’, then a successful call to mongo::client::initialize will schedule a call to mongo::client::terminate with atexit. The call to mongo::client::terminate will be made with the value of mongo::client::Options::current::autoShutdownGracePeriodMillis

Options::autoShutdownGracePeriodMillis and Options::setAutoShutdownGracePeriodMillis

  • Type: int, interpreted as milliseconds
  • Default: 0 (wait forever)
  • Semantics: If mongo::client::initialize scheduled a call to mongo::client::terminate with atexit, then that call to mongo::client::terminate will use the value Options::autoShutdownGracePeriodMillis when calling mongo::client::terminate.

Options::setDefaultLocalThresholdMillis and Options::defaultLocalThresholdMillis

  • Type: int, interpreted as milliseconds
  • Default: 15
  • Semantics: TODO

Options::setSSLMode and Options::SSLMode

  • Type: [Options::kSSLEnabled|Options:kSSLDisabled]
  • Default: Options::kSSLDisabled
  • Semantics: If set to Options:kSSLEnabled the driver will require SSL connections to all mongo servers. If disabled, it will not request SSL. Note that if the servers you are connected to are in SSL required mode, you may not be able to connect. This value is an enumeration so that we may later extend it with a kSSLPreferred option, but that is not currently implemented.

Options::setFIPSMode and Options::FIPSMode

  • Type: bool
  • Default: false
  • Semantics: If true, will attempt to use FIPS-140 validated crypto if supported by the crypto library currently in use.

Options::setSSLCAFile and Options::SSLCAFile

  • Type: std::string
  • Default: ""
  • Semantics: This flag only has an effect if Options::current::SSLMode is Options::kSSLRequired. If set, it specifies a file containing the certificate authority file to use. See the MongoDB SSL documentation for additional information on the CA file.

Options::setSSLPemKeyFile and Options::SSLPEMKeyFile

  • Type: std::string
  • Default: ""
  • Semantics: This flag only has an effect if Options::current::SSLMode is Options::kSSLRequired. If set, it specifies a file containing the SSL PEM key file to use. See the MongoDB SSL documentation for additional information on the PEM key file.

Options::setSSLPemKeyPassword and Options::SSLPEMKeyPassword

  • Type: std::string
  • Default: ""
  • Semantics: This flag only has an effect if Options::current::SSLMode is Options::kSSLRequired, and is only meaningful if a PEM key file has been set with Options::setSSLPEMKeyFile. If set, it specifies the password to be used to decrypt the SSL PEM key file specified with Options::setSSLPEMKeyFile. See the MongoDB SSL documentation for additional information on the PEM key file password.

Options::setSSLCRLFile and Options::SSLCRLFile

  • Type: std::string
  • Default: ""
  • Semantics: This flag only has an effect if Options::current::SSLMode is Options::kSSLRequired. If set, it specifies the file to use as the SSL certificate revocation list. See the MongoDB SSL documentation for additional information on the certificate revocation list file.

Options::setSSAllowInvalidCertificates and Options::SSLAllowInvalidCertificates

  • Type: bool
  • Default: false
  • Semantics: This flag only has an effect if Options::current::SSLMode is Options::kSSLRequired. Setting this option to true suppresses validation of certificates. In other words, invalid certificates will be accepted.

Options::setLogAppenderFactory and Options::logAppenderFactory

  • Type: Options::LogAppenderFactory
  • Default: none
  • Semantics: Use setLogAppenderFactory if you want to configure a custom appender to listen to the driver’s internally logged messages. Setting such a factory will enable logging and relay logged messages to whatever appender you provide a factory method for. An example of how to do this can be found here. You may only configure one appender through startup options.

Options::setMinLoggedSeverity and `Options::minLoggedSeverity’

  • Type: logger::LogSeverity
  • Default: LogSeverity::Log()
  • Semantics: When providing a custom log appender (see above) use this to set the minimum severity level of logged messages. Messages that are of less importance than the level you provide will not be logged.

Options::setValidateObjects and Options::validateObjects

  • Type: bool
  • Default: false
  • Semantics: If enabled, the client library will run BSON validation on data returned from the server to ensure that the returned data is valid BSON. Note that there is a performance cost to doing so.

Caveats

  • You must call mongo::client::initialize before using the driver. You may only call mongo::client::initialize once.

  • Configuration of the driver is global. You may access a const reference to the current global configuration state of the driver by calling mongo::client::Options::current. If called before entering main, the values returned by accessors of the Options object returned by Options::current are indeterminate. If called after main but before calling mongo::client::initialize, a default constructed instance of the Options class will be returned. If called after mongo::client::initialize, the value returned by Options::current will reflect any customized Options instance passed to mongo::client::initialize.

  • Configuration of the driver is not synchronized, and you may only invoke mongo::client::initialize once. We strongly recommend that you call mongo::client::initialize as early as possible in main or your application startup code, preferably before creating any additional threads.