Client Side Encryption

New in MongoDB 4.2 client side encryption allows administrators and developers to encrypt specific data fields in addition to other MongoDB encryption features.

With field level encryption, developers can encrypt fields client side without any server-side configuration or directives. Client-side field level encryption supports workloads where applications must guarantee that unauthorized parties, including server administrators, cannot read the encrypted data.

important

Java 8 is the minimum required version that supports Async client side encryption.

Installation

The recommended way to get started using field level encryption in your project is with a dependency management system. Field level encryption requires additional packages to be installed as well as the driver itself.
See the installation for instructions on how to install the MongoDB driver.

libmongocrypt

There is a separate jar file containinglibmongocrypt bindings.


<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.mongodb</groupId>
        <artifactId>mongodb-crypt</artifactId>
        <version>1.0.1</version>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

Note: You can also download the mongodb-crypt jar directly from sonatype.

mongocryptd configuration

libmongocrypt requires the mongocryptd daemon / process to be running. A specific daemon / process uri can be configured in the AutoEncryptionSettings class by setting mongocryptdURI in the extraOptions.

More information about mongocryptd will soon be available from the official documentation.

Examples

The following is a sample app that assumes the key and schema have already been created in MongoDB. The example uses a local key, however using AWS Key Management Service is also an option. The data in the encryptedField field is automatically encrypted on the insert and decrypted when using find on the client side. The following code snippet comes from the ClientSideEncryptionSimpleTour.java example code that can be found with the driver source on github:

import com.mongodb.AutoEncryptionSettings;
import com.mongodb.MongoClientSettings;
import com.mongodb.client.MongoClient;
import com.mongodb.client.MongoClients;
import com.mongodb.client.MongoCollection;
import org.bson.Document;

import java.security.SecureRandom;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.concurrent.CountDownLatch;

public class ClientSideEncryptionSimpleTour {

    public static void main(final String[] args) {

        // This would have to be the same master key as was used to create the encryption key
        final byte[] localMasterKey = new byte[96];
        new SecureRandom().nextBytes(localMasterKey);

        Map<String, Map<String, Object>> kmsProviders = new HashMap<String, Map<String, Object>>() {{
           put("local", new HashMap<String, Object>() {{
               put("key", localMasterKey);
           }});
        }};

        String keyVaultNamespace = "admin.datakeys";

        AutoEncryptionSettings autoEncryptionSettings = AutoEncryptionSettings.builder()
                .keyVaultNamespace(keyVaultNamespace)
                .kmsProviders(kmsProviders)
                .build();

        MongoClientSettings clientSettings = MongoClientSettings.builder()
                .autoEncryptionSettings(autoEncryptionSettings)
                .build();

        MongoClient mongoClient = MongoClients.create(clientSettings);
        MongoCollection<Document> collection = mongoClient.getDatabase("test").getCollection("coll");
        final CountDownLatch dropLatch = new CountDownLatch(1);
        
        // clear old data
        collection.drop(new SingleResultCallback<Void>() {
            @Override
            public void onResult(final Void result, final Throwable t) {
                dropLatch.countDown();
            }
        });
        dropLatch.await();

        final CountDownLatch insertLatch = new CountDownLatch(1);
        collection.insertOne(new Document("encryptedField", "123456789"),
                new SingleResultCallback<Void>() {
                    @Override
                    public void onResult(final Void result, final Throwable t) {
                        System.out.println("Inserted!");
                        insertLatch.countDown();
                    }
                });
        insertLatch.await();

        final CountDownLatch findLatch = new CountDownLatch(1);
        collection.find().first(new SingleResultCallback<Document>() {
            @Override
            public void onResult(final Document result, final Throwable t) {
                System.out.println(result.toJson());
                findLatch.countDown();
            }
        });
        findLatch.await();
    }
}
Note

Auto encryption is an enterprise only feature.

The following example shows how to configure the AutoEncryptionSettings instance to create a new key and setting the json schema map. The full code snippet can be found in ClientSideEncryptionAutoEncryptionSettingsTour.java:

import com.mongodb.ClientEncryptionSettings;
import com.mongodb.ConnectionString;
import com.mongodb.client.model.vault.DataKeyOptions;
import com.mongodb.client.vault.ClientEncryption;
import com.mongodb.client.vault.ClientEncryptions;
import org.bson.BsonBinary;
import org.bson.BsonDocument;

import java.util.Base64;

...

String keyVaultNamespace = "admin.datakeys";
ClientEncryptionSettings clientEncryptionSettings = ClientEncryptionSettings.builder()
        .keyVaultMongoClientSettings(MongoClientSettings.builder()
                .applyConnectionString(new ConnectionString("mongodb://localhost"))
                .build())
        .keyVaultNamespace(keyVaultNamespace)
        .kmsProviders(kmsProviders)
        .build();

ClientEncryption clientEncryption = ClientEncryptions.create(clientEncryptionSettings);

final CountDownLatch createKeyLatch = new CountDownLatch(1);
final AtomicReference<String> base64DataKeyId = new AtomicReference<String>();
clientEncryption.createDataKey("local", new DataKeyOptions(), new SingleResultCallback<BsonBinary>() {
    @Override
    public void onResult(final BsonBinary dataKeyId, final Throwable t) {
        base64DataKeyId.set(Base64.getEncoder().encodeToString(dataKeyId.getData()));
        createKeyLatch.countDown();
    }
});
createKeyLatch.await();

final String dbName = "test";
final String collName = "coll";
AutoEncryptionSettings autoEncryptionSettings = AutoEncryptionSettings.builder()
        .keyVaultNamespace(keyVaultNamespace)
        .kmsProviders(kmsProviders)
        .schemaMap(new HashMap<String, BsonDocument>() {{
            put(dbName + "." + collName,
                    // Need a schema that references the new data key
                    BsonDocument.parse("{"
                            + "  properties: {"
                            + "    encryptedField: {"
                            + "      encrypt: {"
                            + "        keyId: [{"
                            + "          \"$binary\": {"
                            + "            \"base64\": \"" + base64DataKeyId + "\","
                            + "            \"subType\": \"04\""
                            + "          }"
                            + "        }],"
                            + "        bsonType: \"string\","
                            + "        algorithm: \"AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Deterministic\""
                            + "      }"
                            + "    }"
                            + "  },"
                            + "  \"bsonType\": \"object\""
                            + "}"));
        }}).build();

Coming soon: An example using the community version and demonstrating explicit encryption/decryption.