JMX Monitoring

The driver uses JMX to create MXBeans that allow an application or end user to monitor various aspects of the driver.

The driver creates MXBean instances of a single type: ConnectionPoolStatisticsMBean. The driver registers one ConnectionPoolStatisticsMBean instance per each server it connects to. For example, in the case of a replica set, the driver creates an instance per each non-hidden member of the replica set.

Each MXBean instance is required to be registered with a unique object name, which consists of a domain and a set of named properties. All MXBean instances created by the driver are under the domain "org.mongodb.driver". Instances of ConnectionPoolStatisticsMBean will have the following properties:

  • clusterId: a client-generated unique identifier, required to ensure object name uniqueness in situations where an application has multiple MongoClient instances connected to the same MongoDB server deployment
  • host: the host name of the server
  • port: the port on which the server is listening
  • minSize: the minimum allowed size of the pool, including idle and in-use members
  • maxSize: the maximum allowed size of the pool, including idle and in-use members
  • size: the current size of the pool, including idle and and in-use members
  • waitQueueSize: the current size of the wait queue for a connection from this pool
  • checkedOutCount: the current count of connections that are currently in use

Command Monitoring

The driver implements the command monitoring specification, allowing an application to be notified when a command starts and when it either succeeds or fails.

An application registers command listeners with a MongoClient by configuring MongoClientOptions with instances of classes that implement the CommandListener interface. Consider the following, somewhat simplistic, implementation of the CommandListener interface:

public class TestCommandListener implements CommandListener {                        
    @Override                                                                                                        
    public void commandStarted(final CommandStartedEvent event) {                                                    
        System.out.println(String.format("Sent command '%s:%s' with id %s to database '%s' "                         
                                         + "on connection '%s' to server '%s'",                                      
                                         event.getCommandName(),                                                     
                                         event.getCommand().get(event.getCommandName()),                             
                                         event.getRequestId(),                                                       
                                         event.getDatabaseName(),                                                    
                                         event.getConnectionDescription()                                            
                                              .getConnectionId(),                                                    
                                         event.getConnectionDescription().getServerAddress()));                      
    }                                                                                                                

    @Override                                                                                                        
    public void commandSucceeded(final CommandSucceededEvent event) {                                                
        System.out.println(String.format("Successfully executed command '%s' with id %s "                            
                                         + "on connection '%s' to server '%s'",                                      
                                         event.getCommandName(),                                                     
                                         event.getRequestId(),                                                       
                                         event.getConnectionDescription()                                            
                                              .getConnectionId(),                                                    
                                         event.getConnectionDescription().getServerAddress()));                      
    }                                                                                                                

    @Override                                                                                                        
    public void commandFailed(final CommandFailedEvent event) {                                                      
        System.out.println(String.format("Failed execution of command '%s' with id %s "                              
                                         + "on connection '%s' to server '%s' with exception '%s'",                  
                                         event.getCommandName(),                                                     
                                         event.getRequestId(),                                                       
                                         event.getConnectionDescription()                                            
                                              .getConnectionId(),                                                    
                                         event.getConnectionDescription().getServerAddress(),                        
                                         event.getThrowable()));                                                     
    }                                                                                                                
}                                                                                                                            

and an instance of MongoClientOptions configured with an instance of TestCommandListener:

MongoClientOptions options = MongoClientOptions.builder()
                                       .addCommandListener(new TestCommandListener())
                                       .build();
MongoClient client = new MongoClient(new ServerAddress(), options);

A MongoClient configured with these options will print a message to System.out before sending each command to a MongoDB server, and another message upon either successful completion or failure of each command.

Cluster Monitoring

The driver implements the SDAM Monitoring specification, allowing an application to be notified when the driver detects changes to the topology of the MongoDB cluster to which it is connected.

An application registers listeners with a MongoClient by configuring MongoClientOptions with instances of classes that implement any of the ClusterListener, ServerListener, or ServerMonitorListener interfaces.

Consider the following, somewhat simplistic, example of a cluster listener:

public class TestClusterListener implements ClusterListener {
    private final ReadPreference readPreference;
    private boolean isWritable;
    private boolean isReadable;

    public TestClusterListener(final ReadPreference readPreference) {
        this.readPreference = readPreference;
    }

    @Override
    public void clusterOpening(final ClusterOpeningEvent clusterOpeningEvent) {
        System.out.println(String.format("Cluster with unique client identifier %s opening",
                clusterOpeningEvent.getClusterId()));
    }

    @Override
    public void clusterClosed(final ClusterClosedEvent clusterClosedEvent) {
        System.out.println(String.format("Cluster with unique client identifier %s closed",
                clusterClosedEvent.getClusterId()));
    }

    @Override
    public void clusterDescriptionChanged(final ClusterDescriptionChangedEvent event) {
        if (!isWritable) {
            if (event.getNewDescription().hasWritableServer()) {
                isWritable = true;
                System.out.println("Writable server available!");
            }
        } else {
            if (!event.getNewDescription().hasWritableServer()) {
                isWritable = false;
                System.out.println("No writable server available!");
            }
        }

        if (!isReadable) {
            if (event.getNewDescription().hasReadableServer(readPreference)) {
                isReadable = true;
                System.out.println("Readable server available!");
            }
        } else {
            if (!event.getNewDescription().hasReadableServer(readPreference)) {
                isReadable = false;
                System.out.println("No readable server available!");
            }
        }
    }
}

and an instance of MongoClientOptions configured with an instance of TestClusterListener:

List<ServerAddress> seedList = ...
MongoClientOptions options = MongoClientOptions.builder()
                                       .addClusterListener(new TestClusterListener(ReadPreference.secondary()))
                                       .build();
MongoClient client = new MongoClient(seedList, options);

A MongoClient configured with these options will print a message to System.out when the MongoClient is created with these options, and when that MongoClient is closed. In addition, it will print a message when the client enters a state:

  • with an available server that will accept writes
  • without an available server that will accept writes
  • with an available server that will accept reads using the configured ReadPreference
  • without an available server that will accept reads using the configured ReadPreference

Connection Pool Monitoring

The driver supports monitoring of connection pool-related events.

An application registers listeners with a MongoClient by configuring MongoClientOptions with instances of classes that implement the ConnectionPoolListener interface.

Consider the following, simplistic, example of a connection pool listener:

public class TestConnectionPoolListener implements ConnectionPoolListener {
    @Override
    public void connectionPoolOpened(final ConnectionPoolOpenedEvent event) {
        System.out.println(event);
    }

    @Override
    public void connectionPoolClosed(final ConnectionPoolClosedEvent event) {
        System.out.println(event);
    }

    @Override
    public void connectionCheckedOut(final ConnectionCheckedOutEvent event) {
        System.out.println(event);
    }

    @Override
    public void connectionCheckedIn(final ConnectionCheckedInEvent event) {
        System.out.println(event);
    }

    @Override
    public void waitQueueEntered(final ConnectionPoolWaitQueueEnteredEvent event) {
        System.out.println(event);
    }

    @Override
    public void waitQueueExited(final ConnectionPoolWaitQueueExitedEvent event) {
        System.out.println(event);
    }

    @Override
    public void connectionAdded(final ConnectionAddedEvent event) {
        System.out.println(event);
    }

    @Override
    public void connectionRemoved(final ConnectionRemovedEvent event) {
        System.out.println(event);
    }
}

and an instance of MongoClientOptions configured with an instance of TestConnectionPoolListener:

List<ServerAddress> seedList = ...
MongoClientOptions options = MongoClientOptions.builder()
                                      .addConnectionPoolListener(new TestConnectionPoolListener())
                                      .build();
MongoClient client = new MongoClient(new ServerAddress(), options);

A MongoClient configured with these options will print a message to System.out for each connection pool-related event for each MongoDB server to which the MongoClient is connected.