Options
All
  • Public
  • Public/Protected
  • All
Menu

Project mongodb

MongoDB NodeJS Driver

The official MongoDB driver for Node.js.

NOTE: v4.x was recently released with breaking API changes. You can find a list of changes here.

Quick Links

what where
documentation https://docs.mongodb.com/drivers/node
api-doc https://mongodb.github.io/node-mongodb-native/4.0/api/
npm package https://www.npmjs.com/package/mongodb
source https://github.com/mongodb/node-mongodb-native
mongodb https://www.mongodb.com

Bugs / Feature Requests

Think you’ve found a bug? Want to see a new feature in node-mongodb-native? Please open a case in our issue management tool, JIRA:

  • Create an account and login jira.mongodb.org.
  • Navigate to the NODE project jira.mongodb.org/browse/NODE.
  • Click Create Issue - Please provide as much information as possible about the issue type and how to reproduce it.

Bug reports in JIRA for all driver projects (i.e. NODE, PYTHON, CSHARP, JAVA) and the Core Server (i.e. SERVER) project are public.

Support / Feedback

For issues with, questions about, or feedback for the Node.js driver, please look into our support channels. Please do not email any of the driver developers directly with issues or questions - you're more likely to get an answer on the MongoDB Community Forums.

Change Log

Change history can be found in HISTORY.md.

Compatibility

For version compatibility matrices, please refer to the following links:

Installation

The recommended way to get started using the Node.js 4.0 driver is by using the npm (Node Package Manager) to install the dependency in your project.

After you've created your own project using npm init, you can run:

npm install mongodb
# or ...
yarn add mongodb

This will download the MongoDB driver and add a dependency entry in your package.json file.

Troubleshooting

The MongoDB driver depends on several other packages. These are:

Some of these packages include native C++ extensions, consult the trouble shooting guide here if you run into issues.

Quick Start

This guide will show you how to set up a simple application using Node.js and MongoDB. Its scope is only how to set up the driver and perform the simple CRUD operations. For more in-depth coverage, see the official documentation.

Create the package.json file

First, create a directory where your application will live.

mkdir myProject
cd myProject

Enter the following command and answer the questions to create the initial structure for your new project:

npm init -y

Next, install the driver as a dependency.

npm install mongodb

Start a MongoDB Server

For complete MongoDB installation instructions, see the manual.

  1. Download the right MongoDB version from MongoDB
  2. Create a database directory (in this case under /data).
  3. Install and start a mongod process.
mongod --dbpath=/data

You should see the mongod process start up and print some status information.

Connect to MongoDB

Create a new app.js file and add the following code to try out some basic CRUD operations using the MongoDB driver.

Add code to connect to the server and the database myProject:

NOTE: All the examples below use async/await syntax.

However, all async API calls support an optional callback as the final argument, if a callback is provided a Promise will not be returned.

const { MongoClient } = require('mongodb')
// or as an es module:
// import { MongoClient } from 'mongodb'

// Connection URL
const url = 'mongodb://localhost:27017'
const client = new MongoClient(url)

// Database Name
const dbName = 'myProject'

async function main() {
  // Use connect method to connect to the server
  await client.connect()
  console.log('Connected successfully to server')
  const db = client.db(dbName)
  const collection = db.collection('documents')

  // the following code examples can be pasted here...

  return 'done.'
}

main()
  .then(console.log)
  .catch(console.error)
  .finally(() => client.close())

Run your app from the command line with:

node app.js

The application should print Connected successfully to server to the console.

Insert a Document

Add to app.js the following function which uses the insertMany method to add three documents to the documents collection.

const insertResult = await collection.insertMany([{ a: 1 }, { a: 2 }, { a: 3 }])
console.log('Inserted documents =>', insertResult)

The insertMany command returns an object with information about the insert operations.

Find All Documents

Add a query that returns all the documents.

const findResult = await collection.find({}).toArray()
console.log('Found documents =>', findResult)

This query returns all the documents in the documents collection. If you add this below the insertMany example you'll see the document's you've inserted.

Find Documents with a Query Filter

Add a query filter to find only documents which meet the query criteria.

const filteredDocs = await collection.find({ a: 3 }).toArray()
console.log('Found documents filtered by { a: 3 } =>', filteredDocs)

Only the documents which match 'a' : 3 should be returned.

Update a document

The following operation updates a document in the documents collection.

const updateResult = await collection.updateOne({ a: 3 }, { $set: { b: 1 } })
console.log('Updated documents =>', updateResult)

The method updates the first document where the field a is equal to 3 by adding a new field b to the document set to 1. updateResult contains information about whether there was a matching document to update or not.

Remove a document

Remove the document where the field a is equal to 3.

const deleteResult = await collection.deleteMany({ a: 3 })
console.log('Deleted documents =>', deleteResult)

Index a Collection

Indexes can improve your application's performance. The following function creates an index on the a field in the documents collection.

const indexName = await collection.createIndex({a: 1})
console.log('index name =', indexName)

For more detailed information, see the indexing strategies page.

Next Steps

License

Apache 2.0

© 2009-2012 Christian Amor Kvalheim © 2012-present MongoDB Contributors

Generated using TypeDoc